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Timeline of Maya History

11000 BCE           First settlers in Maya highlands and lowlands


   to 3113 BCE      Creation of the world, by Maya Long
                             Count calendar

2000 BCE             Rise of Olmec civilization, a source of
                             Maya culture


1800 BCE

    to 250 CE         Preclassic Maya


700                       Development of writing

400                       Use of carved stone solar calendars


250-600                Early Classic Maya

600-900                Late Classic Maya

900-1500              Post Classic Maya


1517                      Arrival of Spanish in Yucatan 
                              Introduction of Old World diseases, which kill off 90% of the indigenous population

                              within 100 years.


1521-1821             Colonial Period


1524                      Maya defeated by Pedro de Alvarado.  Guatemala becomes a Spanish colony

1724                      Abolition of encomienda system of forced Maya labor by Spanish

1821                      Guatemala achieves independence from Spain

1910                      Mexican Revolution
                              United Fruit Company, a U.S. corporation, becomes the most important landowner and

                              employer in Guatemala.

1944-1953             Democratic reforms begin

1953                      Guatemalan government expropriates 40% of the land of the United Fruit Company.

1954                      U.S.-backed coup puts an end to land reform, ending nationalization of plantations of

                              United Fruit Company.

1960-1996             Internal conflict in Guatemala.  Army funded, trained, and armed by the United States

                              conducts genocide against indigenous people.  More than 640 Mayan villages destroyed.

1992                      Rigoberta Menchú Tum, a Quiché Maya woman, wins the Nobel Peace Prize.

1996                      Signing of Peace Accords

2004                      Departure of UN mission that monitored the peace process

Present                  Continued corruption, bribery, drug trafficking, gang violence.
                              Upsurge of femicide: the torture, rape and murder of women, with virtual impunity.

See Also:  Maya Civilization at Wikipedia

                  Timeline: Guatemala at BBC

                  History of Guatemala at GHRC

Ceremony of a New Cycle / Maya New Year

Pedro Rafaél González Chavajay  

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