Timeline of Maya History
11000 BCE First settlers in Maya highlands and lowlands
to 3113 BCE Creation of the world, by Maya Long
2000 BCE Rise of Olmec civilization, a source of
to 250 CE Preclassic Maya
700 Development of writing
400 Use of carved stone solar calendars
250-600 Early Classic Maya
600-900 Late Classic Maya
900-1500 Post Classic Maya
1517 Arrival of Spanish in Yucatan
Introduction of Old World diseases, which kill off 90% of the indigenous population
within 100 years.
1521-1821 Colonial Period
1524 Maya defeated by Pedro de Alvarado. Guatemala becomes a Spanish colony
1724 Abolition of encomienda system of forced Maya labor by Spanish
1821 Guatemala achieves independence from Spain
1910 Mexican Revolution
United Fruit Company, a U.S. corporation, becomes the most important landowner and
employer in Guatemala.
1944-1953 Democratic reforms begin
1953 Guatemalan government expropriates 40% of the land of the United Fruit Company.
1954 U.S.-backed coup puts an end to land reform, ending nationalization of plantations of
United Fruit Company.
1960-1996 Internal conflict in Guatemala. Army funded, trained, and armed by the United States
conducts genocide against indigenous people. More than 640 Mayan villages destroyed.
1992 Rigoberta Menchú Tum, a Quiché Maya woman, wins the Nobel Peace Prize.
1996 Signing of Peace Accords
2004 Departure of UN mission that monitored the peace process
Present Continued corruption, bribery, drug trafficking, gang violence.
Upsurge of femicide: the torture, rape and murder of women, with virtual impunity.
See Also: Maya Civilization at Wikipedia
Timeline: Guatemala at BBC
History of Guatemala at GHRC
Ceremony of a New Cycle / Maya New Year
Pedro Rafaél González Chavajay